Belle de Boskoop apple: cultivation & care

Lea
Lea
Lea
Lea

Having studied organic farming, I enjoy trying out new cultivation methods and other gardening experiments with friends in our community garden. I care deeply about exploring sustainable and mindful approaches to working with nature. This is my biggest passion, but I am also a real ornamental plant enthusiast!

Favourite fruit: strawberry, mango, guava
Favourite vegetables: artichoke, tomato, rocket

What do ‘Boskoop’ apples taste like? And when is it time to harvest this apple variety? Here we will answer all your questions about the ‘Belle de Boskoop’ apple tree.

Boskoop apple tree with abundant fruits
The ‘Belle de Boskoop’ is a popular and well-established apple variety [Photo: pixularium/ Shutterstock.com]

The apple variety ‘Belle de Boskoop’ (Malus ‘Belle de Boskoop’), also called ‘Goudrenet’, ‘Goudreinet’ or ‘Goudreinnette’, is a classic winter apple. It belongs to the Rennet apple family and has long been a classic variety among the heritage apples (Malus domestica). And no wonder! The tree is easy to grow and the fruits are a delight, especially for fans of sour apples. In this article you will find our top tips for growing ‘Belle de Boskoop’ trees.

‘Belle de Boskoop’ apple: profile

Synonym'Goudrenet', 'Goudreinet' or 'Goudreinnette'
FruitLarge; yellow base colour with red on sunny side
TasteJuicy, intense, tart
YieldMedium high and fluctuating; late onset
Harvest timeMid-October to November
Ripe to eatDecember-April
Shelf lifeVery good; can only be stored until April
GrowthVery vigorous
ClimateLow demanding; also thrives in cold and foggy climates and at high altitudes; not reliably frost-hardy
Pests and diseasesLow susceptibility to canker, apple scab, browning; susceptible to core rot, fire blight; sensitive to copper spray

History and origin

The ‘Belle de Boskoop’ originated as a chance seedling in 1856 in the Netherlands, more precisely in the town of Boskoop. A century later, the ‘Boskoop’ was a widespread standard apple variety on the Continent. In 1923, a bud mutation was discovered in Germany: the so-called ‘Boskoop Red’. This resembles the ‘Belle de Boskoop’ in all characteristics, only the skin is coloured differently from the original.

What flavour do ‘Boskoop’ apples have?

The most impressive thing about ‘Belle de Boskoop’ apples is their sheer size: each fruit can weigh up to 200g. They are round in shape but can sometimes be irregularly angular. The basic colour of the apples is yellow, only the sunlit side turns reddish. This is why they are sometimes called ‘Green Boskoop’. The skin of the fruit is usually covered with a rough texture, but this does not detract from the delicious taste of the apples. The flesh is firm and juicy at first, later it turns mushy. The apples have a typically tangy taste and an intense flavour.

‘Boskoop’ apple tree: tips on planting and care

The ‘Boskoop’ apple tree differs from other apple varieties in some respects. In the following section you will learn what is important to consider when choosing a location and caring for the tree.

‘Boskoop’ prefers a bright location; too much shade will affect the yield. A humid location, for example near a body of water, is ideal. This apple tree feels most at home in warm locations, though it can also be grown in cooler areas, provided it has as much shelter from the wind as possible. When it comes to soil, ‘Boskoop’ prefers well-drained and moist conditions. The tree is happiest in chalky and heavy soils. Too many nutrients will only harm the yields, so a soil with just a moderate nutrient content is ideal.

Apple belle de boskoop tree planted in open, sunny location
‘Belle de Boskoop’ feels at home in a sunny and humid location in the garden [Photo: Savelov Maksim/ Shutterstock.com]

What is the ideal location for a ‘Boskoop’ apple tree?

  • Sunny to partial shade
  • Humid
  • Protected from the wind in cool climates
  • Moist, well-drained soil
  • Chalky and heavy soil
  • Moderate nutrient supply

‘Belle de Boskoop’ is extremely sensitive to drought. So, make sure to water regularly, especially on hot and dry summer days. A layer of mulch around the tree can help to retain moisture in the soil for longer. To keep the soil sufficiently alkaline, apply lime once a year in autumn. ‘Boskoop’ does not like too much fertiliser – so fertilise moderately. In the first year after planting, there is no need to fertilise. In the following years, fertilise once in spring with compost or a natural fertiliser with a long-acting effect. We do not recommend mineral fertilisers, however, as they can easily lead to over-fertilisation. Our Plantura All Purpose Plant Food is a plant-based fertiliser, which supplies the tree with all the essential nutrients sustainably over an extended period, would be ideal.

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As with all apple trees, annual pruning is recommended for the ‘Belle de Boskoop’. The apple tree also needs pollinators nearby to be able to fruit. These should be apple trees that flower at the same time, such as ‘Cox Orange’ or ‘James Grieve’.

‘Belle de Boskoop’ apple tree care:

  • Sensitive to drought
  • Lime once a year
  • Fertilise moderately
  • Regular pruning
  • Pollinators that flower at the same time are needed nearby

Harvesting ‘Belle de Boskoop’ apples

‘Boskoop’ apples are ready to harvest from mid-October until November. It is important not to pick the apples too early, as this significantly shortens their shelf life.

This is how to identify ripe ‘Boskoop’ apples:

  • Skin changes colour
  • Easy to pick
  • Stem comes off easily when turned
  • The apple cores are brown
Ripe belle de boskoop apples
‘Belle de Boskoop’ apples are ready to harvest from mid-October to November [Photo: Manfred Ruckszio/ Shutterstock.com]

Use and storage

Those who like particularly sour apples can enjoy ‘Boskoop’ apples straight after harvesting. As a typical winter apple, the fruit must first be stored for some time before it develops its full flavour. Ripening takes from December to April. It is best to store the apples boxed in single layers in a dark place at 3 to 4°C with high humidity. In these conditions, the apples can be stored until April. Due to their high acidity, ‘Boskoop’ apples are excellent for baking and preserving. For more helpful tips, read our article on harvesting and storing apples.

A good match for the ‘Belle de Boskoop’ is the apple variety ‘Beauty of Wiltshire’. This is also a robust and undemanding variety but has a sweeter taste so is ideal for enjoying fresh from the tree.

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