Daffodils shine splendidly in the garden in early spring. But many wonder whether the daffodil is poisonous. Is it true?
Daffodils (Narcissus), like our edible onion (Allium cepa), are among the plants that form bulbs as storage organs. Their thickened bracts act as a reserve for the winter. The daffodil bulb and the edible onion also look very similar. So it can happen that the wrong onion rings end up on your burger. But does it make a difference, or is this mix-up even dangerous?
Are daffodils poisonous?
The answer is yes, daffodils are poisonous due to chemical compounds found only in amaryllis family plants (Amaryllidaceae) – called amaryllidaceous alkaloids. Daffodils belong to the amaryllis family. The whole plant, but predominantly the bulb, contains these chemical compounds. They serve as a natural protection of the plant against parasite infestation and grazing herbivores. They have a cytotoxic effect, i.e. they kill cells.
The sap of the daffodil can cause skin irritation. However, this usually disappears by itself. You should definitely consult a doctor if the bulb has been eaten. Nevertheless, some amaryllidaceous alkaloids are used in medicine, for example as active ingredients in dementia drugs, to inhibit tumour cells, or to inhibit the multiplication of viruses.
Poisonous daffodil: Symptoms of poisoning
After eating daffodil bulbs, typical symptoms of poisoning occur. Smaller amounts may because retching, vomiting, diarrhoea, light-headedness, sweating and drowsiness. After consumption of larger quantities, collapse and paralysis symptoms and even death follow. Because of this danger, you had better make the effort and always label storage containers well.
Note: If you have pets, you should store your bulbs out of their reach. Just 15 grams of daffodil bulb can kill a dog.